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Bishops Waltham Infant School

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History means to find out about the past. Everyone and everything has a history. Even yesterday was history! History means learning about things that have already happened. You have learned about important periods of time and special events that have happened in the past before. Look at the pictures below to remind yourselves what you have learned about. 




Could you remember the important event of The Great Fire of London? 

Can you remember learning about The Victorian Era when you were in Year 1?


These are things that happened in the past and they are true. They really did happen! 

Activity 1

Find out a little bit about your past. See if you can find the answers to these questions. How will you find the answers? Will you ask somebody? Will you look at photos or a scrapbook to find out the answers?


1. Where was I born?

2. What time was I born?

3. How old was I when I started walking?

4. How did I feel on my first day of school?


You have learned a little bit about your own history. Maybe you have other questions to ask your adults about your past.

Activity 2

Over the next few weeks, you are going to be learning about events that happened before you were alive and even before your parents and grandparents were alive. You are going to be learning about a very important person named Lord Horatio Nelson. You will be researching an interesting event that took place called The Battle of Trafalgar and you will also be finding out about something called HMS Victory.


I wonder if you know anything about these things already? If you do, now is your chance to show off what you already know in the K section of your KWL. If you don't know anything yet, don't worry! By the end of this project, you will know lots and lots! If you don't know anything, I'm sure you will have lots of questions about these things, so you can write them in the W section. If you do know a bit about these things already, you will still need to think of some questions for the W section of your KWL.


Activity 3

Below are 2 pictures of Lord Nelson. One of them is a painting and one of them is a model. They are historical artefacts. They were created by people to tell us about what has happened in the past. Objects from the past are called artefacts.


What can these artefacts tell you about Lord Nelson?

Look carefully at his clothes. Is it some kind of uniform?

What are all of the things attached to his uniform?

Study his face - what do you notice? 

I wonder why his sleeve is placed across his body like that. What do you think?

Write down what you notice about Lord Nelson from these pictures, using capital letters and full stops to begin and end your sentences. 

If you have any more questions after this activity, add them to your KWL. 



Activity 4

In Portsmouth Historic Dockyard lies a 104-gun first-rate ship of the Royal Navy. This ship is called HMS Victory and was Lord Nelson's flagship. A flagship carries the commander of a fleet (group) of ships. This ship is a really important part of our History learning. It is the real ship that fought in battles and is now set up as a museum for people to enjoy and learn things from.


You are now going to go on a virtual tour of HMS Victory. Once you begin the tour, watch each photo as it slowly moves around, giving you a full view. Or you can place your mouse on the photo and drag it around to see a 360 degree view of each part of the ship. Click the arrows at the bottom of each photo to go to the previous and next photo. Make sure you click the little i  button on each photo to find out information about the ship, Lord Nelson and The Battle of Trafalgar. 


When you are ready to enter the ship, click here!



If you have any questions after this activity, add them to your KWL.

Activity 5

By now, you should have an understanding of who Lord Nelson is and what HMS Victory is. You will now be learning about The Battle of Trafalgar. Open the document named The Battle of Trafalgar and find out when the battle took place. There are lots of new words in this text so you will find a Glossary within the document to explain the words to you. Once you have found out when the battle took place, add it to the timeline document. Make sure you check what year it was in very carefully. 






Look at the other events on the timeline. Draw a picture underneath each one to show your understanding of the event. Now add something about the famous person you have been researching onto the timeline. This could be the date they were born or the date they did something special or important. 


Have a look at the example below.


School Illustration